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Oral history interview with Georges Loinger

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.542.38 | RG Number: RG-50.812.0038

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Georges Loinger, born in Strasbourg, discusses the history of Jewish organizations during World War II and their need to cooperate with the Vichy government; the growth of the Resistance in Toulouse as they organized to find shelter and food; the emergence of the “Armée Juive” which at its formation consisted of half a dozen students linked to the scouting movement and aimed to create a network of houses for Jewish refugee children similar to OSE (the organization was anchored on the scouting principles to organize, provide manual labor skills and in the context of the Resistance, to militarize the youth); meeting in Toulouse at the end of 1943 with various Jewish organizations discussing their respective activities and how to link together to form a viable Resistance network; the power of the French militia which could recognize immediately foreign-born and native-born French Jews and their key role in arresting and deporting Jews; the role of Jews in the French Resistance movements; his view that the French citizenry ultimately turned against Pétain and the Nazis; the acceleration of roundups and deportations; the censors placed in the post offices; his activities smuggling Jewish children to Switzerland via Annemasse, with the full cooperation of Monsieur le Maire Duffaugt [SP], and the importance of his physical education training to prepare the children for their escape to safety; visiting Chabannes regularly to establish a physical education program so that the children would be prepared at any moment to be smuggled out of France; and the role of ORT (organization for rehabilitation through training) within OSE and its existence in every OSE school to teach manual trades to the Jewish refugees so they could become electricians, masons, farmers, etc. after the war.

Interviewee
Georges Loinger
Interviewer
Lisa Gossels
Dean Wetherell
Date
1996-1998
Language
French
Genre/Form
Documentary films.
Extent
3 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Lisa Gossels and Dean Wetherell
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Record last modified: 2018-08-09 10:32:53
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn538987