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Farmers at Masgelier

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.542.19 | RG Number: RG-50.812.0019

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Raymond Pénot (born May 16, 1928), Maurice Devalois (born March 10, 1927), and Marcel Valadon (born September 1, 1925), describe being young farmers during WWII; conditions around the Château le Masgelier, an OSE-run children’s home; the efforts to hide and care for many child and adult Jewish refugees, many of whom arrived from Paris and Eastern Europe; their thoughts on how the Creuse region was probably more open to accepting refugees because of the number of WWI veterans living there and the longstanding hatred for the Germans; the refugee children living in the Château; the activity of the “maquisards” (partisan groups) in the region and the skirmishes with the Vichy militia; the farmers’ efforts to provide food both to the “maquisards” as well as to the Jewish children at the Château; hiding Boris Pludermacher, who was an OSE staff member at the Château Le Masgelier being pursued by the SS; their thoughts on the reason the maquis was created in the Creuse, believing it was due to young French men fleeing to the countryside after the Germans tried to mobilize the 20-year-old Creusois to work in Germany; and their description of the region of Creuse as a place of very strong beliefs and opinions but very welcoming to those who were persecuted by the Nazis.

Interviewee
Raymond Pénot
Maurice Devalois
Marcel Valadon
Interviewer
Lisa Gossels
Dean Wetherell
Date
1996-1998
Language
French
Genre/Form
Documentary films.
Extent
2 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Lisa Gossels and Dean Wetherell
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Record last modified: 2018-04-09 11:40:11
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn539011