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Oral history interview with Rachel Pludermacher

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.542.25 | RG Number: RG-50.812.0025

Rachel Pludermacher, born November 9, 1908 in Vilnius, Lithuania (87 years old at the time of the interview), discusses her arrival in France in 1922; the establishment of the O.S.E., which was first created in Russia, then opened in Germany and later in France, and its mission to care for refugee Jewish children; being the first employee of the O.S.E. in France in 1934; working in Montmorency first, Chabannes from 1940-1943, and Izieu from 1943-1944; leaving Paris for Chabannes with the Jewish children two days before the arrival of the Nazis in 1940; how the children were cared for, their relations with the local population, the procurement of food for the children of Chabannes, the importance of Georges Loinger as a physical education instructor, and the role of Félix Chevrier; life at Izieu, including the difficulties finding food for the refugee children, the April 6, 1944 roundup at the children’s home where 44 children and seven staff were arrested, and eventually deported and murdered in Auschwitz, by order of Klaus Barbie; the escape of Léon Reifman, a medical student who cared for the sick children in Izieu. (The interview concludes with the sharing of photo albums.)

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Rachel Pludermacher
Lisa Gossels
Dean Wetherell
Documentary films.
3 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Lisa Gossels and Dean Wetherell
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:53:59
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