Jewish community of Kastoria in 1937
- Event Date
- April 14 to July 29, 1937
- US Holocaust Memorial Museum, courtesy of Andrea Matza Grass
Title card: “Horpistah, Village Near Kastoria.”Color. People walk in the streets of Horpistah. Men pose for the camera. Outdoor merchants sell their wares. Goats, horses, donkeys, and other livestock. People tend to the livestock. Benjamin Honen, the town crier. Many people walk around at an outdoor market. A cobbler fixes shoes. Black and white. Fabric merchants pose for the camera. More market scenes. Josef Confino with tie.
Title card: “The Archbishop of Kastoria.” The Archbishop of Kastoria, surrounded by a small group, walks by.
Title card: “Picnic in Do-Pia-Koos.” A large group of people mill about in front of a backdrop of water and tall mountains, off the ferry from Kastoria. Many small wooden rowboats (Kastorian boats) in the water, with people standing along the shoreline. View of Kastoria from the opposite side of the lake. People are boarding a slightly larger boat, the Kastoria Ferry. Outdoor market, merchants, flea market. People sit at long picnic tables. Different groups of people pose for the camera. A young man rides a bicycle. A young soldier in uniform poses. Two women with parasols pose. A brass band plays. People dance the hora. Donkeys in a field. More people pose for the camera.
Title card: “Barbecue Luncheon at picnic given by Mr. and Mrs. Moshe H. Hazan in honor of Mr. & Mrs. Bocko Mayo.” The visiting group, amongst a crowd, walks towards the camera. The group standing in front of a man rotating a lamb carcass over a spit. Large group of people sitting and looking at the camera, or lounging on the grass, including Lea Confino, Moshiko, Anna Mayo’s sister, Sol Hazan, Allegra Elias. Pan of the large crowd. A band plays. EXT of a building with people posing in front and leaning out of their windows.
Title card: “Mr. and Mrs. Bocko Mayo paying their respect at cemetary before leaving Kastoria.” Large group of people at the cemetery. Two men, including Nonno Confino in striped suit, wave to the camera. The camera pans erratically as people stand around a coffin and then in a cemetery, some waving or tipping their hats.
Title card: “Mr and Mrs. Bocko Mayo leaving Kastoria.” Mr. and Mrs. Mayo stand on a dirt-paved road. He smokes a cigarette. Village in the valley of surrounding mountains. Coastline of Kastoria from the opposite side of the lake [brief black screen]. Fields with livestock. A farmer and his herd of goats on the road. Two women in white headscarves walk down the road.
Record last modified: 2018-03-07 13:30:16
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn562764
Also in Anna and Bocko Mayo Collection
Greek footage: Kastoria and Other Greece, circa 1937
Title card: “Bucherest” [sic] Relatives walk down the street in Bucharest, Romania. Group including four women, Anna Mayo is third from left (dark-haired woman in polka dot dress with white trim down the center). Another group shot with Anna Mayo still second from left and Bocko Mayo second from right. Street scenes, including the young man (appearing earlier) on a bicycle. The visitors walk arm-in-arm down the street, pose around a table. An outdoor market. The visiting men and women walking towards the camera, very nicely dressed. They walk by the waterside. They eat a meal by the water, all raising glasses in a toast. A small band plays. A young local woman stands alone by the waterside. City street scenes with exterior shots of buildings, shops, local women. A herd of sheep go through town. Musicians play. The Mayos and friends sit at a table outside. The water, harbor. People walk across a large plaza in front of columned buildings. The group sight-sees. Apartment building exteriors with balconies. Posing for family portraits, street scenes. Title card: “Strait of Bospherous, On the Way to Istanbul.” Water and coastline from a boat. The group sunbathes on the deck. More scenes from the boat and of the coastline, including old castle-like buildings, mosques, and minarets. Title card: “Istanbul, Turkey.” Boats in the harbor in Istanbul. A donkey carries cargo. Street scenes. Locals sit in the shade. Jewish neighborhood. More donkeys. The visiting friends walk down a dirt-paved street, pan up minaret. Barefoot local children. Title card: “Solonika - Greece.” View of the city of Salonika from high up. Barefoot children line up and pose in the street by the visitors’ car. A group of young boys in matching school uniforms cross the street. Local woman, sign: “Dadmakeion” A donkey pulls a cart with piles of tree branches. The synagogue in Salonika - a gated, columned building with a Star of David [Germans used this building as a headquarters during WWII]. Merchant, children. HAS, the city, fields, countryside, factory. A couple of the visitors sit at a table outside under a shaded patio. Title card: “Survich - Greece.” Local townspeople. Railcar. Two Greek soldiers. Train station with many locals milling about. Police/military presence.
Title card: “Kastorialies out to welcome Mr. & Mrs. Bocko Mayo on their arrival.” Large group of children, with adults in the back, walking towards the camera in an alleyway. More adults, great CUs. Many men, nicely dressed in suits and hats, including Calev Elias, Jack Elias, Russo, Sol Hazan. Mr. and Mrs. Bocko Mayo (with fur). Group shot, including Anna Mayo and Calev Elias. More shots of locals walking around and posing for the camera. Group poses in street, including Allegra Confino and the rabbi (with a fez). More street scenes. Title card: “Mr. & Mrs. Bocko Mayo visiting children in school which they personally maintain and take care of.” On their second visit to the school, Anna and Bocko Mayo and other adults including Lena Elias, walking away from the school doors with a sign in Greek/Hebrew (Ladino), through two lines of school children. The children march in a circle in the school courtyard. Title card: “Children having lunch in school yard.” Adults distribute lunch to the children, who are seated at a long picnic table. Color. The children eat. People look out from their windows. A crowd builds in the school courtyard. Children eating at tables. A woman in the courtyard extends a paper bag up to some people in their window and they take food out of it to eat. Women, including a dwarf, pose for the camera in the school courtyard.
Title card: “A Wedding in Kastoria.” A band walks towards the camera and down a set of stairs (not visible) for this Jewish wedding. Wedding guests follow behind in a procession, including Lena Elias and Allegra Confino. Everyone is nicely dressed. Brief shot of the synagogue with a sign in Hebrew above. Guests. Title card: “Picnic in honor of Mr. & Mrs. Bocko Mayo tendered by Mr. & Mrs. Calif H. Elias at Mavryotsas.” Adults dance the hora. Others relax on the grass. People sitting at a table toast, celebrate, and smile for the camera. Large group poses for the camera. Title card: “Visiting Relatives in Kastoria**” Family members pose for the camera in front of a stone wall, including Lena and Calev with a baby. Title card: “The main street (Charshee) Kastoria.” Large group of people and children, pose for the camera in and in front of a doorway. A group of men pose on the street. More groups of men pose in chairs and in front of storefronts. Some of them are merchants in aprons, others in suits and hats. Title card: “Bazaar in Kastoria.” Street scenes of a crowded marketplace in Kastoria, shop signs. Many people walk around and stop to pose for the camera. The shops have Greek signs. More scenes from the marketplace. The town crier, Benjamin Honen, walks down the street. More marketplace scenes, mostly a Jewish population. Mrs. Mayo. A man puts a horseshoe on a horse. Merchants. Title card: “Visiting cemetary in Kastoria (Izyara).” Many Kastorians walk on the hillside of a cemetery, posing and waving at the camera, parasols.
Title card: “Arriving at Solonika on way to Belgrade, Serbia.” Women, nicely dressed, pose for the camera at a train station in Greece. Anna Mayo and Calev Elias are in the group. People wave from the train windows. Some chat on the platform. The train departs. In different pairs, people walk towards the camera. Pan of station activity. Soldier in traditional garb walks down the street. Brief, donkeys in a field. Three men on the train platform. Title card: “Visiting aunt and other relatives in Belgrade, Serbia.” A nurse holds a baby outside a residence. Anna Mayo greets the baby. The nurse shows off the baby in a carriage. A group, including Bocko and Anna Mayo, pose in a park in Belgrade. Kids in bathing suits. Two boys play fight on the beach. The kids swim and play in a swimming pool. The friends visit a park, sit on a bench, then walk towards the camera. They pose for the camera on a street in Belgrade. Anna Mayo shakes hands with one and they peck one another. Bocko and Anna Mayo take a horse-drawn carriage ride. The streets of Belgrade. A cow walks down the street. Outdoor marketplace, cognac factory, a street sweeper. Platform of a train station in Belgrade, the Mayos bid farewell. A man loads the Americans’ cargo onto the train. View of passing houses and countryside through the train window. [the family had a vineyard near Belgrade, and after the war, Lena Elias recuperated in Belgrade] Title card: “Mr. and Mrs. Bocko Mayo, on board ship returning home. July 19th 1937.” Anna and Bocko walk on the deck of a ship, the SS Normandie. They sailed from Le Havre, France on July 29, 1937 and arrived in NYC on August 2, 1937. Title card: “The End.” Title card: “Friends and Relatives Visiting Mr. & Mrs. Mayo On Their Arrival Home.” INTs, apartment at 140 Riverside Drive in New York, the large group of Kastorians gather, including Anna and Bocko at a table, smiling and holding up glasses in a toast, menorah in table center. Everyone clinks glasses and drinks. Joseph Confino with glasses (42:53), Esther and Henry Cohen, Oriel Matza (42:53 and 44:02), Harry Matza (42:59) [set-up the lights]. Anna passes a platter of food. The elders wave at the camera and drink. They talk, eat, and drink. Reflection of camera operator [family friend, Mr. Brownie] in the mirror. 45:11 Inside apartment, the Mayos host friends at a different occasion [menorah on sideboard]. They toast and eat grapefruits. Guests include Rabbi Uziel and his wife (45:31) and Lillian Matza (46:44). Reflection of camera operator with handheld camera in mirror (45:35).