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Oral history interview with Yahad-In Unum interviewee 516U

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2009.24.119 | RG Number: RG-50.589.0119

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    Oral history interview with Yahad-In Unum interviewee 516U


    Interview Summary
    The interviewee, a Ukrainian-Jewish man born in 1934, discusses events in Ternivka and Bershad', Vinnyts'ka oblast', Ukraine; the arrival of German forces in Ternivka; the behavior of the German military who used his house as headquarters and warned his family that special forces would arrive to kill the Jews; the awareness of Ternivka's Jews that Jews in occupied areas were being killed; the initial period when Jews were put to work constructing the Uman'-Gaysin road; the establishment of a Judenrat; the local German and Ukrainian administrations; the ability of Jews to move about and of many to flee during the beginning of the occupation; the arrival of special forces in May 1942 to carry out the shootings; the week-long digging of a large ditch; hiding with his family in a specially constructed secret refuge; how Jews were assembled in a local stadium and driven to a ditch 2 km from the town; how Jews who were artisans and had special skills were selected out of the pit; hearing about the shooting of the Jews from his uncle, who was among the artisans kept alive; how his aunt escaped from the ditch; the disposal of Jewish property and belongings; the establishment of a ghetto in Ternivka; fleeing with his family to Bershad'; the Bershad' ghetto; how the local Ukrainians assisted the Jews; the tradition of good relations in Bershad' between ethnic and religious groups; and the lower survival rates among non-Ukrainian speaking Jews from Bukovina.
    interview:  2007 July 26
    creation: Bershad' (Ukraine)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Yahad-in Unum

    Physical Details

    Russian French
    1 compact disc.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Restrictions on use. Yahad-In Unum retains copyright on the collection. Researchers agree not to reveal any personal identifiers if disclosed in witness testimony.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Yahad-In Unum donated the oral history interview to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2009.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 09:06:46
    This page:

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