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Oral history interview with Yahad-In Unum interviewee 516U

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.24.119 | RG Number: RG-50.589.0119

The interviewee, a Ukrainian-Jewish man born in 1934, discusses events in Ternivka and Bershad', Vinnyts'ka oblast', Ukraine; the arrival of German forces in Ternivka; the behavior of the German military who used his house as headquarters and warned his family that special forces would arrive to kill the Jews; the awareness of Ternivka's Jews that Jews in occupied areas were being killed; the initial period when Jews were put to work constructing the Uman'-Gaysin road; the establishment of a Judenrat; the local German and Ukrainian administrations; the ability of Jews to move about and of many to flee during the beginning of the occupation; the arrival of special forces in May 1942 to carry out the shootings; the week-long digging of a large ditch; hiding with his family in a specially constructed secret refuge; how Jews were assembled in a local stadium and driven to a ditch 2 km from the town; how Jews who were artisans and had special skills were selected out of the pit; hearing about the shooting of the Jews from his uncle, who was among the artisans kept alive; how his aunt escaped from the ditch; the disposal of Jewish property and belongings; the establishment of a ghetto in Ternivka; fleeing with his family to Bershad'; the Bershad' ghetto; how the local Ukrainians assisted the Jews; the tradition of good relations in Bershad' between ethnic and religious groups; and the lower survival rates among non-Ukrainian speaking Jews from Bukovina.

interview:  2007 July 26
creation: Bershad' (Ukraine)
1 compact disc.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Yahad-in Unum
Record last modified: 2022-06-24 20:28:02
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