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Oral history interview with Yahad-In Unum interviewee 748U

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.24.198 | RG Number: RG-50.589.0198
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The interviewee, a Ukrainian man born in 1935, discusses events in Yaktoriv (IAktoriv), L'vivs'ka oblast', Ukraine (note that he occasionally consults a book on Yaktoriv history which he wrote); the housing of Jews from the area in a ghetto on the grounds of the Grushka monastery; details on the ghetto; his contention that Jews were put to work digging a trench for a telephone cable connecting Berlin, Germany and Hitler's headquarters in Vinnytsia, Ukraine; witnessing the shooting of a small Jewish child held aloft in a ghetto guard tower; seeing, while tending cows, groups of Jews being taken to the shooting site; watching the shooting from a distance; the prewar presence of about 20 Jewish families in Yaktoriv; a distillery established by Jews; how some Jews were able to escape to the nearby forest, which was home to pro-Soviet partisans (UPA Ukrainian nationalists); remnants of the defeated SS Galicia Division after 1944; and the continuing skirmishes in the forest for years after the war.
The witness and the interviewing team visit the Grushka monastery grounds showing the camp layout as well as the location of a stone quarry, where Jewish men worked and from which some were able to flee and hide. The interviewee discusses another camp for Jews in Chervone, Ukraine, which is about 30km away, where Jews were also digging a trench for the Berlin-Vinnytsia cable; witnessing the shooting of some Jews near the monastery; and how the victims were thrown in pits, which local people used to dispose of animal carcasses. The witness and the interviewing team also visit the area of the mass shooting, where he points out his location at the time and that of a sandy depression where Jews were shot. He describes the physical appearance of victims being led to the site. They also visit the outside of an uninhabited house where the Jewish family of Moysa and Dysia Gendel' lived.

Date
2009 January 11  (interview)
Language
Ukrainian
French
Extent
1 compact disc.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Yahad-in Unum
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 11:08:28
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn38788