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Silver cup made in labor camp and later engraved with camp names where owner imprisoned

Object | Accession Number: 2010.442.2

Tall silver plated cup made in Peterswaldau slave labor camp where Kato was a slave laborer from 1944-1945. She made timing devices for explosives. The timers would be placed in plastic covers attached to these decorative cups which held the explosives. People would want to pick up the cups and when the lid was removed, they would explode. Kato was able to take one with her upon liberation. The cup was engraved in 1989 with a bible verse, her prisoner number, name, place of birth, and places where she was imprisoned: Kassa (Kosice) ghetto, Auschwitz-Birkenau, Peterswaldau, and the dates. Kato's husband George chose the Hebrew inscription, "Remember what Amalek did to you," from Deuteronomy:17 because Amalek attacked and killed the old and the weak just like the Nazis did, and we are charged to remember. When Nazi Germany occupied Hungary in March 1944, 19 year old Kato, her parents, David and Gizella, and her 17 year old sister, Julianna, were deported one week later from Vilmany to the Jewish ghetto in Kosice, Czechoslovakia. From there, they were transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp, where everyone but Kato was gassed upon arrival. Kato was selected for forced labor, and sent to Peterswaldau. The camp was liberated by the Soviet Army on May 8, 1945. Kato returned to Vilmany.

creation:  1944 May-1945 May 08
commemoration:  approximately 1989
creation: Peterswaldau (Concentration camp); Pieszyce (Poland)
Metal containers
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Katie and George Frankfurter
Record last modified: 2021-12-10 07:34:42
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