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Apron with a garland of multicolored floral embroidery recovered by a Hungarian Jewish woman from her neighbors

Object | Accession Number: 2010.442.14

Linen apron returned to 20 year old Kato Ritter by her Catholic neighbors, the Oppel family, in Vilmany, Hungary, in July 1945. Kato’s family gave the apron to the Oppels to safeguard during the war. Kato's initials were originally monogrammed between the red triangles. The Oppels removed the monogram from this, and other items, because they did not want to appear to have aided Jews if their home were raided. Kato wove the linen for the apron from flax plants grown on her family’s farm, and embroidered it in 1939. The family made their own noodles and, when doing so, always wore long aprons that covered them from their waist to their ankles. Nazi Germany occupied Hungary in March 1944, and one week later, 19 year old Kato, her parents, David and Gizella, and her 17 year old sister, Julianna, were deported from Vilmany to the Jewish ghetto in Kosice, Czechoslovakia. From there, they were transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp, where everyone but Kato was gassed upon arrival. Kato was selected for forced labor, and sent to Peterswaldau concentration camp. The camp was liberated by the Soviet Army on May 8, 1945. Kato returned to Vilmany.

creation:  1939
recovered:  1945 July
creation: Vilmany (Hungary)
recovery: Vilmany (Hungary)
Dress Accessories
Protective wear
Object Type
Aprons (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Katie and George Frankfurter
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 08:56:52
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