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Pillow sham with elaborate whitework embroidery and a crocheted border recovered by a Hungarian Jewish woman from her neighbors

Object | Accession Number: 2010.442.6

Pillow sham returned to 20 year old Kato Ritter by her Catholic neighbors, the Oppel family, in Vilmany, Hungary, in July 1945. Kato’s family gave the pillow sham to the Oppels to safeguard prior to their deportation during the war. It was embroidered by Kato’s mother, Gizella Ritter, in prewar Hungary. Nazi Germany occupied Hungary in March 1944, and one week later, 19 year old Kato, her parents, David and Gizella, and her 17 year old sister, Julianna, were deported from Vilmany to the Jewish ghetto in Kosice, Czechoslovakia. From there, they were transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp, where everyone but Kato was gassed upon arrival. Kato was selected for forced labor, and sent to Peterswaldau concentration camp. The camp was liberated by the Soviet Army on May 8, 1945. Kato returned to Vilmany.

recovered:  1945 July
creation:  1910
creation: Vilmany (Hungary)
recovery: Vilmany (Hungary)
Furnishings and Furniture
Household linens
Object Type
Pillow shams (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Katie and George Frankfurter
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 08:56:51
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