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Fringed apron with a band of blue and yellow geometric embroidery recovered by a Hungarian Jewish woman from her neighbors

Object | Accession Number: 2010.442.16

Linen apron with embroidered band returned to 20 year old Kato Ritter by her Catholic neighbors, the Oppel family, in Vilmany, Hungary, in July 1945. Kato’s family gave the apron to the Oppels to safeguard during the war. Kato wove the linen for the apron from flax plants grown on her family’s farm, and embroidered it in 1941. The family made their own noodles and, when doing so, always wore long aprons that covered them from their waist to their ankles. In March 1944, Germany occupied Hungary and, one week later, 19 year old Kato, her parents, David and Gizella, and her 17 year old sister, Julianna, were sent to the Jewish ghetto in Kosice, Czechoslovakia. From there, they were deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau death camp, where everyone but Kato was gassed upon arrival. Kato was selected for forced labor, and sent to Peterswaldau slave labor camp. The camp was liberated by the Soviet Army in May 1945. Kato returned to Vilmany.

Date
1941  (creation)
1945 July  (recovered)
Geography
creation : Vilmany (Hungary)
recovery : Vilmany (Hungary)
Classification
Dress Accessories
Category
Protective wear
Object Type
Aprons (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Katie and George Frankfurter
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:22:22
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn42624