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Fringed apron embroidered with a blue and orange geometric band recovered by Kato Ritter from her neighbors

Object | Accession Number: 2010.442.16

Colorful apron returned to 20-year-old Kato Ritter by her Catholic neighbors, the Oppel family, in Vilmany, Hungary, in July 1945. Kato’s family gave the apron to the Oppels to safeguard prior to their deportation during World War II (1939-1945). Kato wove the linen for the apron from flax plants grown on her family’s farm, and embroidered it in 1941. The family made their own noodles and, when doing so, always wore long aprons that covered them from their waist to their ankles. Nazi-controlled Germany occupied Hungary in March 1944, and one week later, 19-year-old Kato, her parents, David and Gizella, and her 17-year-old sister, Julianna, were deported from Vilmany to the Jewish ghetto in Košice, Czechoslovakia (now Košice, Slovakia). From there, they were transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center, where everyone except Kato was gassed upon arrival. Kato was selected for forced labor, and sent to Peterswaldau concentration camp. The camp was liberated by the Soviet Army on May 8, 1945. That summer, Kato returned to Vilmany.

creation:  1941
recovered:  1945 July
creation: Vilmany (Hungary)
recovery: Vilmany (Hungary)
Dress Accessories
Protective wear
Object Type
Aprons (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Katie and George Frankfurter
Record last modified: 2023-02-07 09:13:52
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