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Oral history interview with Roberto Schopflocher

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.29.13 | RG Number: RG-50.590.0013

Roberto Schopflocher discusses the Jewish-German agricultural colonies in the province of Entre Rios, Argentina; the various colonies in Entre Rios, including Avigdor and Cohen Oungre (or Alcaraz); other colonies, including Moisés Ville, Rivera, Dominguez, Pedernal, Basavilbaso, General Campos, Ubajay, Clara; people involved in the colonies, including Livestein, Levinsky, Fraidemberg, Carlos Noimayer, and Hirshbrand; how the recruitment of German Jews to go to the colonies was not very successful, even after the advent of Hitler and until 1937; the slight increase in immigration to Argentina after Kristallnacht; Louis Oungre, who was the director of the JCA (Jewish Colonization Association) and his thoughts on Jewish agricultural colonies; the absence of women in the colonies, which did not allow for the growth of more families; the pitfalls of bringing in young women; details about the farms, including the workers, housing, education, cultural life, customs, celebrations, medical services, and clinics; how the community building housed the civic center, police station, Jewish school, telegraph office, cooperative, the office of the administration as well as the bath to remove the ticks off the cattle; the contract between the JCA and the farmers; how the problems originated from the farm planners’ lack of understanding of the local topography and the particulars of the local cattle; the small industries brought in by some of the arriving immigrants; hearing about the extermination of the Jews in Europe in 1945, although they knew before that about the concentration camps; the antisemitism expressed by the wife of the governor of Entre Rios while she was in Avigdor; the celebration of the Argentinean patriotic holidays; the colony of Alcaraz; and the reasons for leaving the farms.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Roberto Schopflocher
interview:  1996 November 28
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, acquired from the Asociacion Mutual Israelita Argentina-Communidad de Buenos Aires
Record last modified: 2020-09-15 09:25:41
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