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Oral history interview with Dora Caplan

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.29.28 | RG Number: RG-50.590.0028

Dora Caplan, born on July 4, 1916, describes having five sisters and a brother; her father (last name was Korsunsky) arriving in Argentina from Russia at age 16; her mother (maiden name Mosenco), who came from Odessa, Ukraine; her parents having only 75 hectares since the Jewish Colonization Association wouldn’t give more land when the children grew up into adulthood and how many people had to abandon the colony altogether; how working the farm was the only means of subsistence; her parents settling in a colony funded by the Jewish Colonization Association; settling in Colonia Vila, Walter Moss (now called General San Martin); the nearby colony, Curbelo; how only Jews lived in Vila; how the workers were non-Jews but did not live there; her husband, Aaron Caplan, who was born in 1902; how after their marriage they moved to San Antonio in Concepcion del Uruguay; the colony, including its inhabitants, schools, clubs, and library; Jewish observance; how schools had only the first three grades at Vila, therefore the children either had to go to live with relatives in bigger towns or cities or repeat the third grade several times in order to be occupied in something; her children moving away to continue their studies; how her children’s Jewish affiliation suffered with their move as they were in a mixed population environment with less Judaism in the schools; how Zionist identification was uniform in the colonies; and how the colonists collected money for the Jewish National Fund.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Dora Caplan
interview:  1989 April 11
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, acquired from the Asociacion Mutual Israelita Argentina-Communidad de Buenos Aires
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:40:37
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