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Oral history interview with Helena Žnidarćić

Oral History | Accession Number: 2007.504.4.10 | RG Number: RG-50.592.0010

Helena Žnidarćić, born in 1938 in Letus in the former Yugoslavia, describes learning about the arrest of her father, uncle, and brother in June of 1942; her arrest with her sisters, mother, and grandmother in July of 1942 by German forces; her transfer to a school in Celje where she was separated from her mother and grandmother; her transfer to Frohnleiten with her sisters; Germans and nuns of the Red Cross on guard there; her transfer to the concentration camp at Kassel with her sisters; receiving new clothes and finding gold rings sewn into them; her understanding that the clothes were taken from Jews; her transfer to Meinburg where she learned the German language; her transfer to Neuschift, then Saltenberg, and then Bamugarten without her sisters; finding her grandmother in Bamugarten; reuniting with her sisters in Bamugarten in 1944 and returning to Slovenia; her brother volunteering for the German army under the condition that his sisters would be released; living with cousins in Slovenia until the end of the war; reuniting with her grandmother in Letus before liberation; the flight of German and Ustaša forces during liberation; partisans taking Germans to Hudova Jama; and the long-term effects of the Holocaust on her family.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Helena Žnidarćić
interview:  2009 February 03
1 videocassette (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-05-04 15:48:22
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