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Oral history interview with Sonja Vrščaj

Oral History | Accession Number: 2007.504.4.18 | RG Number: RG-50.592.0018

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Sonja Vrscaj, born in 1925 in Sezana, Italy (now Slovenia), discusses her parents’ arrest on suspicion of being Slovenian spies when Italy attacked Yugoslavia; the arrival of Slovenian refugees in her village after the 1943 Italian offensive in Stajalna; the bodies of partisans killed by Italian forces; the killing of civilians; her involvement with partisans; her arrest by German authorities in Pliskavica village in June 1944; her incarceration in Trieste, Italy; her transfer to Auschwitz in July 1944; forced labor in Birkenau; living with French Jewish women from Paris in her barrack; the Kapos and female SS guards; the arrival of transports; brutal treatment and harsh living conditions at Auschwitz; the crematorium; her transfer to Ravensbruck in October 1944; her transfer to a camp in Oranienburg; working in a telephone wire factory; the allied bombing of the camp in March 1945; her transfer with other prisoners to Sachsenhausen; the evacuation of camps during the Soviet advance; SS guards shooting weak prisoners while marching west; how only 50 out of hundreds of women survived the march; liberation by the Russians; and her return to Slovenia in September 1945.

Interviewee
Sonja Vrščaj
Date
2009 November 18  (interview)
Language
Slovenian
Extent
3 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:44:58
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn45164