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Oral history interview with Ana Čeplak

Oral History | Accession Number: 2007.504.4.11 | RG Number: RG-50.592.0011

Ana Čeplak, born in 1924 in Bocna in the former Yugoslavia, describes the beginning of the war and the German occupation of Yugoslavia; her family’s involvement with the Partisans; the arrest and execution of her three brothers in 1942; caring for the children of her half-brother; the arrest of the citizens of Bocna by Germans in 1942; her transfer to Celje where she was separated from her younger sister; her transfer to Birkenau where she was registered and received a prisoner’s uniform and number; working in fields digging trenches for the military; prisoner deaths from fatigue; her time in the camp hospital; a pregnant woman whose baby was put to death shortly after its birth; male prisoners who were part of the Sonderkommando; suicides in the camp; conditions in Birkenau, including the treatment of prisoners by the guards; how Jewish prisoners faced harsher conditions than others; the presence of Romani prisoners in the camp; the procession of Jews to gas chambers and the crematorium; seeing black ash and the remains of bones on her way to labor; working in a barrack where she went through the clothing and personal items from the transport; her release from Birkenau in 1944; her forced labor in Germany where she watched children in Baad; her liberation in 1945; and the effects of the Holocaust on her family and village.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Ana Čeplak
interview:  2009 February 04
3 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-05-04 15:48:22
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