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Color drawing of a boy and girl holding a blue and white flag created by a hidden child

Object | Accession Number: 2009.204.17

Colored pencil drawing of a boy and girl holding a blue and white flag, the national colors of Israel, with a large Star of David created by Ilona Goldman around 1947. During the war, Ilona lived in hiding in Poland from 1942-1944. She made many drawings during this time, especially when, at age four, she was separated from her parents and placed with the Polish peasant family of Hania Seremet, who agreed to hide her for a fee. Drawings were the only way for the talkative child, not yet able to write, to communicate with her parents. After Nazi Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, Ilona with her parents, Salomon and Gusta fled Krakow for Soviet controlled Lvov (Lviv, Ukraine). When Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, the family was confined in the Jewish ghetto where Salomon worked as an accountant at a meat rendering factory owned by the Wehrmacht. In spring 1942, fearing the liquidation of the ghetto, Salomon arranged a hiding place for them outside the ghetto with a former employee, Jozef Jozak, and his family. However, they would not hide Ilona because they thought it would be too hard to conceal a lively young girl. Ilona was smuggled to the countryside and placed in hiding as a Christian child with the Seremets. After 6 months, Salomon could no longer pay for her care, so Ilona was brought back to live in their hiding place, without the knowledge of the Jozak family. Ilona had to stay most of this time locked in a closet with only her drawings and medical textbooks left by a previous tenant. The family lived in hiding until the Soviet Army liberated the city in July 1944. When the war ended in May 1945, they returned to Krakow.

Artwork Title
TOBIE MAMUSIU
Alternate Title
For Mommy
Date
approximately 1949-1944  (creation)
Geography
creation : Krakow (Poland)
Language
Polish
Hebrew
Classification
Art
Category
Children's art
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Alona Frankel
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:06:36
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn46296