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Double-sided sketch of a girl in a traditional Polish peasant costume created by a former hidden child

Object | Accession Number: 2009.204.43

2-sided pencil portrait of a girl in traditional folk dress on the front and a similar girl and a flute player on the back created by 10 year old Ilona Goldman in 1947. During the war, Ilona lived in hiding in Poland from 1942-1944. She made many drawings during this time, especially when, in spring 1942 at age four, she was separated from her parents and placed with the Polish peasant family of Hania Seremet, who agreed to hide her for a fee. These drawings were the only way for the talkative child, not yet able to write, to communicate with her parents. After Nazi Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, Ilona with her parents, Salomon and Gusta, fled Krakow for Soviet controlled Lvov (Lviv, Ukraine). When Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, the family was forced into the Jewish ghetto where Salomon worked as an accountant at a meat rendering factory owned by the Wehrmacht. In spring 1942, fearing the liquidation of the ghetto, Salomon arranged a hiding place for them outside the ghetto with a former employee, Jozef Jozak. However, he would not hide Ilona because it would be too hard to conceal a lively young girl. Ilona was smuggled to the countryside and placed in hiding as a Christian child with the Seremets. After 6 months, Salomon could no longer pay for her care, so Ilona was brought back to live in their hiding place, without the knowledge of the Jozak family. Ilona had to stay most of this time locked in a closet with only her drawings and the medical textbooks left by a previous tenant. The family lived in hiding until the Soviet Army liberated the city in July 1944. When the war ended in May 1945, they returned to Krakow.

Artwork Title
Z WYOBRAZNI
Alternate Title
With Imagination: Girl in folk costume
Date
1947 April 21  (creation)
Geography
creation : Krakow (Poland)
Language
Polish
Classification
Art
Category
Children's art
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Alona Frankel
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:25:37
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn78841