Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Color drawing of girls visiting a medieval castle created by a former hidden child

Object | Accession Number: 2009.204.20

Colored pencil drawing of a group of young girls visiting a medieval castle created by 10 year old Ilona Goldman in November 1947. In spring 1942, 4 year old Ilona was separated from her parents and placed with the Polish peasant family of Hania Seremet, who agreed to hide her for a fee. Drawings were the only way for the talkative child, not yet able to write, to communicate with her parents. After Nazi Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, Ilona's parents, Salomon and Gusta, with Ilona, fled Krakow for Soviet controlled Lvov (Lviv, Ukraine). When Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, the family was forced into the Jewish ghetto where Salomon worked as an accountant at a meat factory owned by the Wehrmacht. In spring 1942, fearing the liquidation of the ghetto, Salomon arranged a hiding place for them outside the ghetto with a former employee, Jozef Jozak. However, he would not hide Ilona because it would be too hard to conceal a lively 4 year-old. Ilona was smuggled to the countryside and placed in hiding as a Christian child with a Polish woman paid to hide her. After 6 months, Salomon could no longer pay for her care, so Ilona was brought back to live in their hiding place, without the knowledge of the Jozak family. Ilona had to stay most of this time locked in a closet with only her drawings and the medical textbooks left by a previous tenant. The family lived in hiding until the Soviet Army liberated the city in July 1944. When the war ended in May 1945, they returned to Krakow.

Artwork Title
Z. Pamięci
Alternate Title
From Memory
creation:  1947 November 19
creation: Krakow (Poland)
Children's art
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Alona Frankel
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:44:42
This page: