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Oral history interview with Denise Gamzon

Oral History | Accession Number: 2012.296.1 | RG Number: RG-50.710.0001

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Denise Gamzon, born in 1909 in Paris, France, discusses the creation of the first Jewish scout troop (Eclaireuses israélites de France or EIF) on February 4, 1923 by her future husband, Robert Gamzon; their marriage in 1930 and their children; growth and evolution of the EIF; opening three homes for Jewish children in September 1939; meeting in Moissac in August 1940, where Gamzon decided to expand the children's homes to shelter displaced Jews; organizing scouting groups in the free zone and creating training centers; the shift in the EIF’s objectives in 1942 to parallel underground resistance activities; the activities and objectives of the main Jewish organizations, including the OSE, the Zionists youth movement, and “la sixième”; fostering the growth of Zionist education; training volunteer soldiers to fight the Nazis; her husband’s creation of a Jewish partisan unit within the Maquis de Vabres in 1943; their return to Paris in 1945; her husband’s founding of the Ecole Gilbert Bloch d'Orsay in 1949 to train managers for the EIF and Jewish community; immigrating to Israel in 1949; and the 4,000 Jewish scouts in North Africa at the end of the war.

Interviewee
Denise Gamzon
Language
French
Extent
2 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:37:50
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn49583