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Oral history interview with Liliane Lieber-Klein

Oral History | Accession Number: 2012.296.8 | RG Number: RG-50.710.0008

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Liliane Klein-Lieber, born in Strasbourg, France in 1924, discusses her early life; joining the Eclaireuses éclaireurs israélites de France (EIF) in 1931 at the behest of her parents; remaining active in the Strasbourg EIF from 1933 to 1939; her growing awareness of the dangers of Nazism with arrival of waves of German Jews in their home; the evacuation of Strasbourg on September 3, 1939 and their escape to Vichy, France where they had family; the importance of the synagogue in Vichy as a meeting place for the EIF; departing with her family and the other expulsed Jews from Vichy in November 1941; arriving in Grenoble, France, where she was active again in the EIF; going to a summer camp in July 1942 for girl scouts in an unoccupied zone; a trip to Limousin at the end of August 1942 to participate in girl scout leadership training; meeting Robert Gamzon on a train and how he directed her to Moissac, France to participate in the creation of the EIF clandestine arm, “La Sixième" (the Sixth); the mission of "La Sixième" to hide adolescent Jews, supply them with forged ID documents and ration cards, and preserve their Jewish identity while in hiding; the EIF's main mission to save French Jewry and not create a Jewish homeland elsewhere; the division of "La Sixièmè" into six regions in the unoccupied zone, each headed by a group leader and assistant social worker; becoming an assistant social worker in Grenoble; how during the winter of 1943-1944 she ran convoys of adolescents under 16 to the Swiss border at Annemasse, France and turned them over to Georges Loinger for safe passage; the help she received from non-Jews, including local farmers who hired Jewish youth to till the soil in Voiron and Annecy, the "Compagnons de France" movement, mayors and civil servants who helped procure ID cards and ration cards, the Protestant and Catholic scouting movements that helped hide children, “Les Soeurs de Notre-Dame de Sion de Grenoble,” the help of M. Dormoy (director of “Le Secours national pour le Dauphiné” which is now “Le Secours national pour l'Isère”), Mme. Marguerite Morsh (director of the “Foyer de l'étudiante de Grenoble”), Mlle. Luzet (owner of the “pharmacie du Dragon in Grenoble”), the scout chief Mlle Otarie of the “Féderation française des éclaireuses”; how the scout pledge was key to the selflessness and courage of so many who helped this effort; getting married at the end of 1944; giving birth to three boys; being the grandmother of seven grandchildren; and how she has remained in contact with some of the children she helped hide during the Holocaust.

Interviewee
Liliane Lieber-Klein
Date
approximately 2005  (interview)
Language
French
Extent
1 videocassette (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:41:30
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn49591