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Oral history interview with Monique Pulver

Oral History | Accession Number: 2012.296.17 | RG Number: RG-50.710.0017

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Monique Pulver describes her experience with the EI (éclaireurs israélites de France), which she joined in 1927 at the age of 12; being enrolled in EI by her mother who was a cousin of Denise Gamzon, the wife of the founder of EI; her EI experiences; living near rue Mozart; how the Gamzons lived on rue de Passy and their regular attendance at girl scout meetings; meeting her future husband, Jacques Pulver, through EI; Jacques’ army service, their separation, and the renewal of their friendship in 1933; the impact of Léo Cohn on EI, infusing the movement with passion for Jewish culture and education; the growing fear of war in 1938 and Castor’s decision to identify evacuation sites for Jewish children in Paris in anticipation of bombings; how the Munich accords scuttled the EI evacuation plans; getting married to Jacques in February 1939 at the rue Ségur EI offices, and how it was presided over by Cohn; their immediate departure for Martinique for 10 months; returning to France in November 1939 because Jacques was called up; her full-time work with EI; Robert Gamzon’s decision to move to Moissac, France in June 1940; the creation of Viarose, the first agriculture school, led by Jacques; the birth of her twin girls; moving to Lautrec, France with Jacques around August 1940; Denise Gamzon’s return from Portugal to take on the management of Lautrec; Jacques’ organization of EI summer camps; moving to Orange, France in 1943 to run a farm that employed young Jews who could no longer work because of the Vichy decrees; her happy life with Jacques and working the land in Orange for a year and a half; how the farm was both a place of production and a holding place for Jewish children awaiting transfer to Switzerland or Spain; the announcement that 30-year old Jewish men had to register at Préfecture; departuring from Orange; settling in Grenoble, France, where she worked in a children’s home while Jacques joined the “La Sixième" (the Sixth); the arrest of her sister-in-law, Edith, along with Marc Haguenau in Grenoble; Edith’s deportation via Drancy to Auschwitz; returning to Paris at Liberation; working with EI to reconstitute the administrative organizational structure; their plan for returning deportees; identifying and placing hidden children; creating a home in Moissac for these children at the Le Moulin Hotel; and re-dedicating themselves to the EI movement.

Interviewee
Monique Pulver
Date
approximately 2005  (interview)
Language
French
Extent
1 videocassette (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:44:40
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn49600