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Oral history interview with Jean-Paul Bader

Oral History | Accession Number: 2012.296.18 | RG Number: RG-50.710.0018

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Jean-Paul Bader, born in 1923 in Strasbourg, France, discusses his early life in Strasbourg; his religious studies with Rabbi Abraham Deutsch; his activities with local Jewish youth, which had yet to join the Eclaireuses éclaireurs israélites de France (EIF); his departure for Paris, France and his religious education at the Ecole Maimonide in September 1938 for a year and a half; his return to Strasbourg and evacuation to Périgueux, France in September 1939; his meeting with Lilian Marx, head of the EIF in Périgueux, and how she trained him to become an EIF troop leader in September 1940; his visit to Moissac, France, where Robert Gamzon provided more in-depth training in EIF principles, goals, and way of life; receiving regular visits from Gamzon, André Kisler, and André Cahen and discussing Jewish scouting; his growing commitment to the EIF; replacing Lilian Marx in 1941 as head of the EIF in Périgueux; his continued devotion to his religious studies; studying with Rabbi Deutsch, who relocated to Limoges, France at the end of 1941 at the Jewish Seminary, which became a center for training Jewish community leaders needed for an increasingly dangerous time; his fellow students, including Max Warschawski, Théo Dreyfuss, and Lucien Lazare; the evolution of the clandestine arm of the EIF in late 1942 as the danger grew; his switch to the scouting uniform of the Éclaireurs Unionistes de France when the EIF was banned in November 1941; his contact with the OEuvre de secours aux enfants (OSE) in Limoges and “La Sixième" maquis, which requested that he accompany children in several convoys from Limoges to Lyon, France, where they were picked up by others and taken to safety in Switzerland; working with Marinette Kaufman because “La Sixième" felt that a couple accompanying children was less dangerous; how his work with “La Sixième" evolved into creating false identity and ration cards; his double life as an EIF scout leader and a Torah studies student, until Rabbi Deutch was arrested in the winter of 1942-1943; his near-miss escapes from several Nazi roundups; how with the creation of the EIF maquis, his assignment shifted to accompanying the oldest and strongest members of the EIF network to the maquis located in Vabre, which he did again with Marinette Kaufman; his last convoy to Vabre on December 8, 1943, where he was instructed to join the maquis Compagnie Marc Haguenau, in which, as a full-fledged maquisard, he would participate in all their actions including the Mazamet attack on the German train and the liberation of Castres, France; the leadership of Gamzon; the post-war EIF activities; leading the first EIF visit to Israel in 1952, at the time when Gamzon was establishing a kibbutz; and his continued in-depth involvement with the EIF.

Interviewee
Jean-Paul Bader
Date
approximately 2005  (interview)
Language
French
Extent
1 videocassette (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:45:03
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn49601