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Oral history interview with Jean Brauman

Oral History | Accession Number: 2012.296.11 | RG Number: RG-50.710.0011

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Jean Brauman, born in Poland in 1925, discusses Jewish youth movements; his strong Zionist views; arriving in France from Luxembourg in 1937; his membership in Hanoar Hatzioní; his family’s failed attempt to escape to England in May 1940; finding refuge in the free zone with his older brother; joining the FTP (Francs-tireurs et partisans français) in Paris, France in 1942; escaping to the free zone when the Gestapo came looking for him; being in detention for a year as a Jewish foreign national; escaping from the camp and returning to Paris at the end of 1943; a per chance meeting with a Hanoar Hatzioní friend, Judith, who recruited him for the MJS (Le Mouvement de la jeunesse sioniste); his resistance activities, including forging documents, distributing money, and identifying hiding places for Jewish refugees; joining MJS maquis de l'Espinassier in 1944, which organized convoys across Spain to join Allies and get to Palestine; the membership of 20 to 25 people in the maquis, including several Saint-Cyr students who were unable to continue their studies because they were Jewish; the role of the Saint-Cyr students as the heart of the military maquis; doing 11 hour guard duties because of the fear of Nazi infiltration; the use of both the French flag and the Palestinian flag; the unification of the various maquis into the Corps Franc de la Montagne Noire after the Allies arrived; the heavy reliance on his maquis because of their discipline, military training, and cohesion as well as on the maquis du Vercors; the military brilliance of Lt. Lévy Seckel; his escape from the Luftwaffe attack to Toulouse; his near-arrest by Nazis in Toulouse; the AJ (Armée Juive) order to join the "corps franc" in Lyon, France under the leadership of Maurice Hausner; fighting until Liberation; the allegiance ceremony to AJ at rue de la Pomme in Toulouse, where he swore on a gun, the Bible, and the Palestinian flag to fight to the death to create a Jewish state; joining the Haganah; and the first military training camp in Milly-la forêt in Fontainebleau, France.

Interviewee
Jean Brauman
Date
approximately 2005  (interview)
Language
French
Extent
2 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:42:38
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn49594