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Oral history interview with Georges Loinger

Oral History | Accession Number: 2012.296.6 | RG Number: RG-50.710.0006

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Georges Loinger, born August 29, 1910 in Strasbourg, France, describes his childhood; his aunt, Ann Mangel, who was the mother of Marcel Marceau; his membership in Hatikwah; studying physical education; serving in the military beginning September 1939; being captured and imprisoned; escaping from Stalag 7A near Munich, Germany; being influenced by Dr. Joseph Weill; his marriage to Flore, who worked as caregiver to 125 Jewish-German children at Baroness Rothschild's Chateau de la Guette near Lagny, Seine-et-Marne, France; their re-installation by the Baroness in La Bourboule, France in the free zone at the Hôtel des Anglais when Northern France was occupied; his work as a physical education trainer for Compagnons de France; his official government documents that aided his resistance work, allowing him to travel throughout France; his membership in OSE (OEuvre de secours aux enfants); the OSE decision to disperse the children from La Bourboule; the December 1942 OSE meeting in Lyon, France and Gerhart Riegner's statement about Nazi Germany's plans to exterminate the Jews; the OSE decision to organize a secret network to save 1500 Jewish children; Loinger's OSE role to create a network to smuggle Jewish children to Switzerland; the selection criteria for those children; his role in identifying alternative smuggling routes; the critical role of the border town Annemasse and Mayor Jean Deffaugt and Eugène Balthazar in Loinger's smuggling operation; the strong links between OSE and EI (Eclaireuses éclaireurs israélites de France) as well as the character and intelligence of Robert Gamzon; the Jewish religion and culture infused within EI structure, owing in particular to Leo Kuhn; his continued post-war dedication to Jewish causes; his role in mobilizing Jewish displaced persons from Southern French coastal towns to Palestine; and his links to Mossad and active role in the lead-up to the creation of a Jewish state.

Interviewee
Georges Loinger
Date
approximately 2005  (interview)
Language
French
Extent
2 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:40:41
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn49602