Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Red laced brown leather billfold with an image of a man pulling 2 women in a rickshaw acquired by a German Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2010.240.7

Decorated leather bifold wallet acquired postwar by Ralph (Ralf) Harpuder. Four year old Ralf, his parents, Hans and Gerda, and his 14 year old sister, Ursula, left Berlin, Germany, following Kristallnacht on November 9-10, 1938. They left for Shanghai because it was an open port with no visa required and arrived in March 1939. Shanghai was controlled by the Japanese military and as the war intensified, they were relocated to the Hongkew ghetto. Food and supplies became extremely difficult to obtain, but Ralf was able to stay in school because they waived his tuition. The city was liberated by the US Army on September 3, 1945. That October, Ralf's father died of malnutrition. In March 1947, the family emigrated to the United States.

emigration:  1939 March
acquired: Shanghai (China)
Dress Accessories
Object Type
Wallets (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Yvonne Harpuder
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 08:53:44
This page: