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Million cigarette package wrapper collected in Shanghai by a German Jewish refugee boy

Object | Accession Number: 2010.240.17

Million cigarette package label collected and traded by Ralf Harpuder in Shanghai, China. This wrapper features a large dollar sign logo. Four year old Ralf, his parents, Hans and Gerda, and his 14 year old sister, Ursula, left Berlin, Germany, following Kristallnacht on November 9-10, 1938. They left for Shanghai because it was an open port with no visa required and arrived in March 1939. Shanghai was controlled by the Japanese military and as the war intensified, they were relocated to the Hongkew ghetto. Food and supplies became extremely difficult to obtain, but Ralf was able to stay in school because they waived his tuition. The city was liberated by the US Army on September 3, 1945. That October, Ralf's father died of malnutrition. In March 1947, the family emigrated to the United States.

use:  after 1939 March-before 1947 March
use: Hongkou Qu (Shanghai, China)
Identifying Artifacts
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Yvonne Harpuder
Record last modified: 2023-05-01 12:03:57
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