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Japanese propaganda matchbox with a Japanese sword piercing the US flag acquired postwar by a German Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2010.240.9

Japanese propaganda matchbox acquired postwar by Ralph (Ralf) Harpuder. This box features an image of a samurai sword cutting through the United States flag. Four year old Ralf, his parents, Hans and Gerda, and his 14 year old sister, Ursula, left Berlin, Germany, following Kristallnacht on November 9-10, 1938. They left for Shanghai because it was an open port with no visa required and arrived in March 1939. Shanghai was controlled by the Japanese military and as the war intensified, they were relocated to the Hongkew ghetto. Food and supplies became extremely difficult to obtain, but Ralf was able to stay in school because they waived his tuition. The city was liberated by the US Army on September 3, 1945. That October, Ralf's father died of malnutrition. In March 1947, the family emigrated to the United States.

1947 March  (emigration)
approximately 1942  (publication/distribution)
manufacture : Japan
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Yvonne Harpuder
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Record last modified: 2019-01-02 14:10:38
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