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Central Bank of China paper currency note, 5000 yuan, acquired postwar by a German Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2010.240.22

Chinese bank note, 5000 yuan, acquired postwar by Ralph (Ralf) Harpuder. It was issued by the Republic of China and this issue was in circulation circa 1945. It features a portrait of Sun Yat-sen and a Pailou style gate. Four year old Ralf, his parents, Hans and Gerda, and his 14 year old sister, Ursula, left Berlin, Germany, following Kristallnacht on November 9-10, 1938. They left for Shanghai because it was an open port with no visa required and arrived in March 1939. Shanghai was controlled by the Japanese military and as the war intensified, they were relocated to the Hongkew ghetto. Food and supplies became extremely difficult to obtain, but Ralf was able to stay in school because they waived his tuition. The city was liberated by the US Army on September 3, 1945. That October, Ralf's father died of malnutrition. In March 1947, the family emigrated to the United States.

emigration:  1939 March
issue: China
Exchange Media
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Yvonne Harpuder
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 21:51:09
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