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Oral history interview with Frieda Belinfante

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1994.A.0441 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0019

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    Oral history interview with Frieda Belinfante


    Interview Summary
    Frieda Belinfante, born in 1904 in Amsterdam, Netherlands, describes her family; being raised without a religion because her father was Jewish and her mother was Gentile; the death of her sister in 1915 after an appendectomy and the divorce of her parents soon after; the death of her father in 1923 from natural causes; not being surprised by the Nazi invasion of the Netherlands; getting married in 1931 and divorcing in 1936; becoming the first female conductor of a professional orchestra in Amsterdam; participating in the cultural commission of Amsterdam and receiving instructions from the Nazis about what artists should or should not do; making false identification cards to help save people; discovering her homosexuality but trying to keep it a secret during the war; living disguised as a man for three months; taking on a new female identity and fleeing to Switzerland; participating in several activities of sabotage with other gay and lesbian refugees; returning to Amsterdam after the war and discovering the fates of the members of the resistance group in which she participated; immigrating to the United States in 1947 for a change of scenery in her work; participating in a string of concerts in the US; and her life in America.
    Frieda Belinfante
    Klaus Müller
    interview:  1994 May 31
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    Oral histories.
    15 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Restrictions on use. The interview may not be used for commercial or non-educational purposes without the express written permission of Frieda Belinfante or the executors of her estate

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Klaus Müller, on behalf of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, conducted the interview with Frieda Belinfante on May 31, 1994 in Santa Fe, NM. Tapes of the interview were transferred to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in February 1995. This interview is one of 51 oral histories included in the Miles Lerman Center for the Study of Jewish Resistance.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:00:18
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