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Oral history interview with Beno Helmer

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1990.413.1 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0093

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    Oral history interview with Beno Helmer


    Interview Summary
    Beno Helmer, born in 1923 in Teplice, Czechoslovakia, describes his childhood and family; using his foreign language skills to land small movie roles before the war; attempting to settle in Hungary with his family before the war; his family’s deportation to Łódź in 1939 because they did not have immigration papers; arriving in the Łódź ghetto and staying there until he had to begin doing forced labor outside the ghetto in 1942; securing a job posing as a non-Jewish German and collecting information for the underground and becoming an expert at derailing trains; returning to the ghetto when his father became sick and remaining with his family until they were deported to Auschwitz after the liquidation of the Łódź ghetto; his deportations to Gross-Rosen, Krupp Bertha-Werk at Laskowitz-Meleschwitz, Buchenwald, and Ludwigslust; his liberation by American soldiers while in a Russian prisoner-of-war camp; attempting to get back to Poland and on the way joining a Polish forced labor group that was later incorporated into the Russian Army; spending time hunting for Nazi war criminals after the war; and living in Europe for several years until he immigrated to the United States.
    Beno Helmer
    Linda G. Kuzmack
    interview:  1990 June 25
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    Oral histories.
    2 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Restrictions on use. Interview cannot be used for sale in the Museum Shop. Interview cannot be used by a third party for creation of a work for commercial purposes.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Helmer, Beno, 1923-

    Administrative Notes

    Linda Kuzmack, on behalf of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Branch, conducted the oral history interview with Beno Helmer on June 25, 1990.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:00:42
    This page:

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