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Oral history interview with Leo Schneiderman

Oral History | Accession Number: 1990.395.1 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0205

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Leo Schneiderman, born on August 18, 1921 in Lódz, Poland, describes his family and childhood; the large Jewish population that had comfortably developed within Lódz before Hitler came to power; Poland preparing for war by drafting young men into the army and by digging trenches; the German invasion and fall of the Polish Army in September 1939; being tricked by the German government to head towards Warsaw with his younger brother and father; returning to Lódz and being forced into the ghetto with his whole family; the closing of the Lódz ghetto in 1940 and the realization that the community needed to organize its own services and methods of self-support; each of his family members taking a job in the ghetto, including his work as a tailor; illegally teaching Yiddish in the ghetto; not understanding why there had to be deportations from the ghetto without realizing the severity of the camps; his deportation to Auschwitz in August 1944; his transport to Kaltwasser, a labor camp in Silesia, to do construction work for a short period until he was transferred to Lärche and then to Wolfsberg, where he worked in a hospital; being forced onto an open cattle car for a deportation and being thrown food while passing through Stará Paka, Czechoslovakia; his liberation by Allied Forces; and speaking for the prosecution against Herr Krison in a 1978 trial in Bochum, West Germany.

Interviewee
Leo Schneiderman
Interviewer
Linda G. Kuzmack
Date
1990 May 24  (interview)
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
2 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection