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Oral history interview with Fred Schwartz

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 1990.384.1 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0208

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    Oral history interview with Fred Schwartz


    Interview Summary
    Fred Schwartz, born on October 30, 1928 in Kotaj, Hungary, describes his childhood; his father’s deportation to a labor camp in 1940; taking over his father’s job delivering seltzer water with his brother; knowing very little of what was happening in Europe from 1940 to 1944; the German invasion of Hungary; the organization of Jews into their town synagogues as the Germans prepared them for deportation; his deportation to Birkenau with his father, mother, and brother; discovering later after the war that his mother had died in Bergen-Belsen; his transfer to a work camp in Wolfsberg where he had to dig tunnels through mountains; being forced on a death march as the Russian forces neared; arriving in Mauthausen where he was liberated by American forces; staying a displaced persons camp for two years until he relocated to Paris, France; waiting to receive an American visa; going to the United States without legal papers and almost being sent back; and reconciling with his past.
    Fred Schwartz
    Linda G. Kuzmack
    interview:  1990 May 08
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    Oral histories.
    2 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Restrictions on use. Tape #2 of the interview may be used for research purposes only

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Schwartz, Fred, 1928-

    Administrative Notes

    Linda Kuzmack, on behalf of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Branch, conducted the oral history interview with Fred Schwartz on May 8, 1990.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:01:22
    This page:

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