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Oral history interview with Bert Fleming and Irene Fleming

Oral History | Accession Number: 1996.A.0160 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0430

Bert Fleming and Irene Fleming describe how Bert grew up in Warsaw and Łódź; Bert’s family’s deportation to Hannover, Germany before Kristallnacht; Bert’s deportation from Hannover in 1938, receiving aid from the Joint Distribution Committee, and going through the camps; Irene witnessing people being smuggled from her ghetto and fleeing to Siberia; Irene holding on to her violin through her time in the camps; their experiences with Mordechai Chaim Rumkowski and his relationship with the Nazis in the Łódź ghetto; Bert having to shave his head and watch people steal food while in the camps; Bert’s work in several different factories and the transport of all of the goods he produced to Germany; and their immigration to New York and life after the war.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Irene S. Fleming
Bert Fleming
Joan Ringelheim
interview:  1996 May 17
Oral histories.
5 sound cassettes (60 min.).
Record last modified: 2023-06-02 08:46:23
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