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Cork bottle stopper with a porcelain finial depicting a Jewish stereotype

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.33

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    Cork bottle stopper with a porcelain finial depicting a Jewish stereotype

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    Brief Narrative
    Porcelain bottle stopper in the shape of a small bust, depicting a Jewish man’s head. It was created by Gardner Porcelain Works in Dmitrov, Russia, near the end of the 19th century. The man is wearing a skullcap and has a large hooked nose, sidelocks, a beard, and fleshy lips; all stereotypical physical features commonly attributed to Jewish men. Jews have historically been persecuted and demonized. They have been associated with and called “children of the devil,” accused of deicide, treacherous conspiracies, and treasonous acts by influential figures and archaic Christian beliefs. These defamations are often visually depicted through antisemitic or malevolent features and characteristics, such as horns and cloven feet. They have also been depicted with distorted facial features, including bulging eyes and large or hooked noses. Gardner Porcelain Works was established in 1766, and has produced fine porcelain ware for the public and the Russian monarchy. The company is still operating, and is a member of the Kremlin Suppliers Guild. This bottle stopper is one of the more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of antisemitic artifacts and visual materials.
    manufacture:  approximately 1875-1899
    manufacture: Verbilki (Russia)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
    Compiler: Peter Ehrenthal
    Manufacturer: Gardner Porcelain Works
    The Katz Ehrenthal Collection is a collection of more than 900 objects depicting Jews and antisemitic and anti-Jewish propaganda from the medieval to the modern era, in Europe, Russia, and the United States. The collection was amassed by Peter Ehrenthal, a Romanian Holocaust survivor, to document the pervasive history of anti-Jewish hatred in Western art, politics and popular culture. It includes crude folk art as well as pieces created by Europe's finest craftsmen, prints and periodical illustrations, posters, paintings, decorative art, and toys and everyday household items decorated with depictions of stereotypical Jewish figures.

    Physical Details

    Household Utensils
    Object Type
    Bottle corks (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Porcelain bottle stopper shaped as a Jewish man’s head. He has a pointed, brown beard with thick, matching sidelocks, a large hooked nose, and red, fleshy lips. He is wearing a black skullcap, and in the back, his long hair extends from beneath its lower edge. The stopper is mounted, with adhesive, on a cylindrical, brown cork shank with a small, thin, brass-colored metal rod protruding from the bottom center. The paint has faded and worn-off throughout, especially on the man’s hair and skullcap. There is a small chip on the lower left edge of his neck and a loss from the top of the cork just beneath it.
    overall: Height: 3.500 inches (8.89 cm) | Diameter: 1.625 inches (4.128 cm)
    overall : porcelain, paint, cork, metal, adhesive

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Verbilki (Russia)

    Administrative Notes

    The bottle stopper was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2016 by the Katz Family.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Special Collection
    Katz Ehrenthal Collection
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 07:11:15
    This page:

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