Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Ceramic tile with an impression of a miserly Jew holding a money bag

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.98

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward

    Ceramic tile with an impression of a miserly Jew holding a money bag

    Please select from the following options:


    Brief Narrative
    Ceramic tile with antisemitic, Latin text and an image of a stern looking Jewish man holding a money pouch. The man is wearing a skull cap and has a large nose, and a long beard; all stereotypical physical features commonly attributed to Jewish men. The image of the man, coupled with the Latin text that translates to “never enough,” references the antisemitic myth of Jewish greed and avarice. Many antisemitic depictions of Jews show them hoarding, counting, or handling money. These stereotypes originated from the economic and professional restrictions placed on early European Jews. They were barred from owning land, farming, joining trade guilds, and military service. These restrictions forced many Jews into occupations such as money changing (exchanging foreign coins or currency for those used locally). Additionally, medieval religious belief held that charging interest (known as usury) was sinful, and the Jews who occupied these professions were looked down upon, predominantly by European Christians. They were perceived as morally deficient and willing to engage in unethical business practices. The inability of Jews to legally hold other occupations, combined with Christians’ disdain for the professions Jews were allowed to practice, helped form the canard of the greedy Jew who exploited Gentiles. This canard was often visually depicted as a Jewish man expressing an exaggerated desire for, or counting money. This tile is one of the more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of antisemitic artifacts and visual materials.
    creation:  approximately 1881
    manufacture: Chelsea (Mass.)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
    front, top left corner, tinted, brown : NVNQVAM / SATIS [NEVER ENOUGH]
    back, impressed : J. & J. G. LOW, / PATENT / ART TILE WORKS / CHELSEA, / MASS. U.S.A. / COPYRIGHT 1881 by J. & J. G. LOW.
    front, bottom right corner, tinted, brown : AO [Arthur Osborne]
    Compiler: Peter Ehrenthal
    Manufacturer: J. and J. G. Low Art Tile Works
    Designer: Arthur Osborne
    The Katz Ehrenthal Collection is a collection of more than 900 objects depicting Jews and antisemitic and anti-Jewish propaganda from the medieval to the modern era, in Europe, Russia, and the United States. The collection was amassed by Peter Ehrenthal, a Romanian Holocaust survivor, to document the pervasive history of anti-Jewish hatred in Western art, politics and popular culture. It includes crude folk art as well as pieces created by Europe's finest craftsmen, prints and periodical illustrations, posters, paintings, decorative art, and toys and everyday household items decorated with depictions of stereotypical Jewish figures.

    Physical Details

    Latin English
    Decorative Arts
    Object Type
    Ceramic tiles (lcsh)
    Physical Description
    Square-shaped, glazed, ceramic tile with a bas-relief image of a man holding a money bag beside his face. The entire image is glazed in varying tones of brown and depicts the man from the shoulders up. He wears a domed kippah over long, wavy hair and has a long beard and mustache. He has thick eyebrows over hooded eyes and a large, pointed nose. The high collar and shoulder of his jacket are visible to the right, while the money bag, clenched in his raise fist, is visible to the left. The background is darker just above his shoulders, and lightens toward the top, where Latin text is engraved in the upper left corner. There is an artist’s signature, one uppercase letter within another, in the lower right corner. The sides are flat, smooth, and white, except where some glaze has dripped from the face of the tile. The back of the tile is white and unglazed, with a linear border around six lines of manufacturing information of varying sizes pressed into the surface. Adhesive residue marks the lower left corner, and there are several chips along the lower side edges and discoloration throughout the back.
    overall: Height: 6.000 inches (15.24 cm) | Width: 6.000 inches (15.24 cm) | Depth: 0.750 inches (1.905 cm)
    overall : porcelain, glaze, adhesive

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Chelsea (Mass.)

    Administrative Notes

    The tile was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2016 by the Katz Family.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Special Collection
    Katz Ehrenthal Collection
    Record last modified:
    2024-02-21 07:11:16
    This page:

    Download & Licensing

    In-Person Research

    Contact Us