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German-Austrian League of Anti-Semites, 50 heller donation receipt

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.196

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    German-Austrian League of Anti-Semites, 50 heller donation receipt
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    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Coupon receipt for a 50 heller donation to the local chapter of the Deutsch-Österreichischer Schutzverein Antisemitenbund [German-Austrian Defensive League of Anti-Semites] in Amstetten, Austria. There were 100 hellers to a krone and the coupons were issued in several denominations with antisemitic quotes from different historical figures. The goal of the Antisemitenbund was to unite all anti-Semites, in order to protect them from the economic, political, and social influence of the Jews. They called for the legal separation of Jews and non-Jews, the expulsion of Jews who arrived after 1914, and wanted to ban Jews from public office, professions, land ownership, and other rights. The League was founded during the financial crisis of 1919, when many politicians, and the public, blamed Jews for the chaos, sparking sometimes violent demonstrations. It grew rapidly, attracting members from all political and social groups. By the 1930s, the group was dominated by Austrian Nazi Party members, while asserting its independence and nonpolitical nature. In March 1938, Germany annexed Austria, and the League was dissolved. The coupon is one of the more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of antisemitic artifacts and visual materials.
    Date
    issue:  1920 April 16
    Geography
    issue: Amstetten (Austria)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
    Markings
    front, fraktur, black ink : Fünfzig Heller / 50 50 / Schein herausgegeben / von der Ortsgruppe Amstetten des / deutsche oesterr- / Schutzvereines Antisemitenbund. / Dieser Schein gilt als Spende, / und wird nicht eingelöst / Amstetten, am 16 April 1920. Für die Ortsgruppen Leitung / Zahlmeister / Obmann / Obmannstelle [Issued by the Amstetten German Austrian Defensive League of Anti-Semites / This certificate is valid as a donation, / and will not be returned / Amstetten, 16 April 1920. For the Ortsgruppenleitung / (signatures) Zahlmeister / Obmann / Obmannstelle]
    front, bottom right corner, black ink : Entwurf: Böschl ˙ Rozat
    back, fraktur, black ink : [Swastika] Deutsche aller Parteirichtungen / welche ihr Volk lieben u. die demfelben drohende / Gefahr des Judentums / erfannt haben u. diese betämpfen wollen, treten / dem dö. Schutzverein ,, Antisemitenbund,,bei!! Anmeldungen bei / den Ortsgruppen. / Leset u. verbreitet die arische (Shriftliche) Breffe! [Germans of political persuasions who love their people, and who recognize the looming danger of Judaism, and who want to fight this, join, Protection Association, Anti-Semite League!! Registration with local groups. Read & spread the Aryan Press!]
    Contributor
    Compiler: Peter Ehrenthal
    Issuer: Deutsch-Österreichischer Schutzverein Antisemitenbund [German-Austrian Defensive League of Anti-Semites]
    Biography
    The Katz Ehrenthal Collection is a collection of more than 900 objects depicting Jews and antisemitic and anti-Jewish propaganda from the medieval to the modern era, in Europe, Russia, and the United States. The collection was amassed by Peter Ehrenthal, a Romanian Holocaust survivor, to document the pervasive history of anti-Jewish hatred in Western art, politics and popular culture. It includes crude folk art as well as pieces created by Europe's finest craftsmen, prints and periodical illustrations, posters, paintings, decorative art, and toys and everyday household items decorated with depictions of stereotypical Jewish figures.
    Deutsch-Österreichischer Schutzverein Antisemitenbund [German-Austrian Defensive League of Anti-Semites] was active in Austria from 1919 until around March 1938, when it was dissolved soon after the Anschluss with Nazi Germany. The goal of the Antisemitenbund was to become the umbrella organization for all anti-Semites, in order to protect them from the economic, political, and social influence of the Jews. Their positon was that Jews were a separate nation. They defined a Jew as anyone with one Jewish great-grandparent. They called for the legal separation of Jews and non-Jews throughout society, in schools, courts, and governmental programs. Other demands included expelling Jews who had settled in Austria after 1914 and admitting no more Jews; excluding them from medical, legal, and teaching professions and public office; making clear Jewish ownership of businesses and newspapers; and not allowing them to own land.

    The Antisemitenbund was founded in Salzburg, Austria, in 1919. It grew quickly; there were 4000 people at its first mass meeting in September 1919. In March 21 in Vienna, during an international congress of anti-Semites, there were 40,000 attendees. It attracted members from all the middle class and paramilitary political parties and organizations in Austria, including the Christian Social Party, Greater German’s People Party, and the Austrian Nazi Party, whose officials spoke at their meetings. By the 1920s, it had chapters throughout the country. Membership fluctuated with the level of prosperity and anti-Semitism in the country, but an economic crisis, such as the Great Depression, would cause it to surge again. It experienced a sharp decline in 1924 when the Austrian Nazi Party required its members to end their participation.

    As an organization, the Antisemitenbund was less interested in theorizing about anti-Semitism, and more interested in finding ways to practice it, such as boycotts of Jewish businesses. Local chapter activity included reporting the names, professions, addresses, and other pertinent information about local Jews that would be needed when the country required Jews to register and carry special identification. The Antisemitenbund had an official newspaper, Der eiserne Besen, but it also received support from several unaffiliated Christian owned newspapers such Vienna’s Reichspost and Zeitung.

    In 1933, when the Austrian government banned all political parties, including the Nazis, the Antisemitenbund had a resurgence. In mid-1935, the government restricted its activities, suspecting it of being a front for the Nazi Party. Public meetings were prohibited after it was discovered that the audiences at the meetings were about 60% Nazi Party members. Restrictions were eased in 1937. During these years, the Antisemitenbund worked to brand itself as a patriotic, non-political organization, not affiliated with the Nazi Party. They continued to widely circulate anti-Jewish propaganda materials, but they adjusted their vocabulary, such as referring to the Jewish Volk [people] and not race. But they also urged their members to vote for Nazi Party candidates and expressed admiration for Hitler’s determined anti-Semitism.

    Physical Details

    Language
    German
    Classification
    Exchange Media
    Category
    Coupons
    Physical Description
    Rectangular yellow paper coupon with a geometric Art Deco squares and dash border and illustrations in brown and light blue ink. At the top is a large open circular band with the denomination 50 within shields on each side, Fünfzig heller, and German text. Within the band is a bonfire fueled by local newspapers, Wiener Journal, Tagblatt, Morgen,... Below is a banner with the name of the organization. At the bottom is German text printed over 3 trellised windows. The back has a large rectangular banner with German text and furled ends; on the left end is a large Swastika. It is placed diagonally on an ornate swirl patterned background. It is in uncirculated condition.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 4.125 inches (10.478 cm) | Width: 2.750 inches (6.985 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink
    Inscription
    Germans of all political persuasions who loved their folk, and who recognized the looming danger of the Jews, and who want to fight this, join me "Anti-Semiten" Schutzverein. Enroll in the district headquarters. Read and spread the Aryan Press.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The coupon was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2016 by the Katz Family.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Special Collection
    Katz Ehrenthal Collection
    Record last modified:
    2023-05-24 07:43:43
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn538329

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