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Etching of 3rd match, Jewish boxer Mendoza v Humphreys

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.160

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    Etching of 3rd match, Jewish boxer Mendoza v Humphreys

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Colored etching by C.R. Ryley of Jewish boxer Daniel Mendoza and his former mentor, Richard Humphreys, in a match on September 29, 1790, in Doncaster, England. Mendoza held back for several rounds, but still won quickly. This was their third match to decide who was Champion. Humphreys won the first bout in 1788 and Mendoza the second in 1789. Billed as Mendoza the Jew, he held the title of Champion of England from 1792 to 1795, and was the first prominent Jewish prizefighter in England. Mendoza was smaller than his opponents, and won bouts with superior technique, speed, and agility. His style, known as the Mendoza or Jewish school, is credited with inspiring a generation of boxers and establishing many elements of modern boxing. The print is one of the more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of antisemitic artifacts and visual materials.
    Artwork Title
    Daniel Mendoza & Richard Humphreys
    Date
    publication/distribution:  1790
    depiction:  1790 September 29
    Geography
    publication: London (England)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
    Markings
    front, below image, black ink : Drawn by C. R. Ryley. / Engraved by J. Grozer.
    front, bottom, caption, black ink : DANIEL MENDOZA & RICHARD HUMPHREYS / This Boxing Match took place at Doncaster Sep. 29th 1790, on a Twenty four foot Stage and was the third / public contest between those two pugilists. It lasted for about an Hour & five Minutes & was decisive in favour of Mendoza. / ?
    Contributor
    Compiler: Peter Ehrenthal
    Subject: Daniel Mendoza
    Artist: Charles R. Ryley
    Printer: Joseph Grozer
    Publisher: William Richardson
    Biography
    The Katz Ehrenthal Collection is a collection of more than 900 objects depicting Jews and antisemitic and anti-Jewish propaganda from the medieval to the modern era, in Europe, Russia, and the United States. The collection was amassed by Peter Ehrenthal, a Romanian Holocaust survivor, to document the pervasive history of anti-Jewish hatred in Western art, politics and popular culture. It includes crude folk art as well as pieces created by Europe's finest craftsmen, prints and periodical illustrations, posters, paintings, decorative art, and toys and everyday household items decorated with depictions of stereotypical Jewish figures.
    Daniel Mendoza was born on July 5, 1764, in Aldgate, London, England, to a large, poor Sephardic family descended from Spanish Marranos. He was apprenticed to a glass cutter. At 16, Mendoza began training with Richard Humphreys, a professional bareknuckle boxer. There were no weight classes in boxing, and the 5 foot 7 inch, 160 pound Mendoza had to face larger opponents. To compensate, he developed a technical style that emphasized footwork, jabbing, agility, speed, and and introduced the concept of defense. He rose to prominence quickly, fighting as Mendoza the Jew, and was the first Jewish figher to become champion. Mendoza fought approximately 35 professional fights, losing only 4, and was Champion of England from 1792-1795. Mendoza became one of the most celebrated figures in 18th century England. His image and, most frequently, the story of his three bouts with his mentor Humphreys, were portrayed in prints, tableware, and other merchandise. The Prince of Wales was a patron, and this royal acceptance was beneficial to Jews throughout British society. Jews had been expelled from England in 1296, and not permitted to return untl 1656. Mendoza opened several boxing academies where he taught his scientific approach to the sport, known as the Mendoza or Jewish school, and published a book, The Art of Boxing. He also performed touring demonstrations. He was married and had 11 children. Mendoza, 72, died on September 3, 1836.

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Classification
    Art
    Category
    Prints
    Physical Description
    Print of an etching, handcolored with stippling, on paper of 2 barechested boxers facing each other in bent kneed fighting stances with both fists raised. They look at each other, without expression. Humphreys, on the left, has tousled brown hair and is tall with a heavily muscled torso. Mendoza has dark brown hair, a pointed nose, and a smaller frame. They are both wearing flat black shoes, white stockings, and light brown breeches with colored bows: blue for Mendoza, orange for Humphreys. They are outdoors, with a faint blue and white sky and light green ground.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 13.000 inches (33.02 cm) | Width: 16.250 inches (41.275 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink, paint

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The print was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2016 by the Katz family.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this artifact has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Special Collection
    Katz Ehrenthal Collection
    Record last modified:
    2022-07-28 18:30:19
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn538272

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