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Double sided caricature of a couple made as a gift for one camp inmate by another

Object | Accession Number: 1989.303.21

Two joined drawings, a humorous drawing of Karel Fischer and his wife Anna, and a pencil portrait of Fischer drawn by Leo Haas when they were all prisoners in Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp circa 1942- October 1944. It was presented to Fischer on his sixth wedding anniversary, March 20, 1944, by his workers. After the war, Fischer gave the drawing to his nephew and fellow Terezin inmate, Karel Bruml. In March 1939, Prague was annexed by Nazi Germany. Fischer, 49, was ordered to the newly opened camp in late November 1941 to build the railroad spur from Bauschowitz to Terezin. He was in charge of camp road and rail construction and a member of the Jewish Council. Fischer and his family were held at Terezin until liberation in early May 1945. Haas, 41, was interned in September 1942 and assigned to the technical department. After the Red Cross visit in summer 1944, Haas and other artists were accused of smuggling out artwork depicting real camp conditions; they were arrested and tortured. In October 1944, Haas was deported to Auschwitz, then Sachsenhausen, and in February 1945, to Mauthausen, then Ebensee where he was liberated in early May. Bruml, 29, was sent to Terezin in December 1941 and worked in the technical department. In October 1942, he was deported to Auschwitz, and then sent to Gleiwitz, Dora-Mittelbau, and Bergen-Belsen where he was liberated on April 15. Hana, 20, and her first husband Rudolf Schiff were sent to Terezin in August 1942. Rudolf was deported to Auschwitz in December 1943 and killed. In October 1944, Hana was deported to Auschwitz, then sent to Kudowa-Sackisch slave labor camp where she was liberated in April 1945. Hana and Karel met in postwar Prague while searching for news of their families. They found few survivors. Karel and Hana left for the United States in 1946, where they married.

Artwork Title
At the same time... home, Theresienstadt, March 20, 1944
Date
approximately 1944 March 20  (creation)
1944 March 20  (commemoration)
Geography
creation : Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
received : Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Language
Czech
Classification
Art
Category
Drawings
Object Type
Caricatures (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Charles and Hana Bruml
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:06:41
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn1027