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Concentration camp uniform cap with number 107310 issued to a Jewish Czech inmate

Object | Accession Number: 1989.303.25 a

Blue and gray striped concentration camp uniform cap issued to Karel Bruml while an inmate at Auschwitz III – Monowitz (Buna) concentration camp from November 1942 - January 1945. Karel demonstrated his artistic ability to the camp guards, and was put to work painting prisoner numbers on uniforms. He then painted a lower, more advantageous prisoner number, 107310, on his cap. Karel was from Prague which was annexed by Germany in March 1939. On December 10, 1941, Karel, his parents, Jindrich and Irma, his siblings, Anna and Otto, and Otto’s wife Irma were transported to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp. Karel was assigned to work in the technical department. On October 26, 1942, Karel’s parents and sister were selected for deportation and Karel volunteered to go with them. They were sent to Auschwitz. Karel was then force marched to Buna. He moved building materials until reassigned. In early 1945, Karel was transferred to Gleiwitz, Nordhausen, and Bergen-Belsen concentration camps. On April 15, Bergen-Belsen was liberated by British soldiers. Karel returned to Prague after the war ended in early May. He learned that most of his family had perished. He met Hana Schiff Suk, who had survived Theresienstadt, Auschwitz, and Kudowa-Sackisch. They both left for the United States in 1946, where they married.

use:  after 1942 November-1945 April 15
issue: Monowitz (Concentration camp); Monowice (Poland)
use: Gleiwitz I (Concentration camp); Gliwice (Poland)
use: Nordhausen (Concentration camp); Nordhausen (Thuringia, Germany)
use: Bergen-Belsen (Concentration camp); Celle (Germany)
Clothing and Dress
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Charles and Hana Bruml
Record last modified: 2021-03-08 16:25:41
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