Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Metal bathroom pass issued to a Jewish Czech slave laborer

Object | Accession Number: 1989.303.56

Triangular metal badge engraved VDM 88 issued to Hana Schiff from October 1944-May 1945 at the Vereinigte Deutsche Metallwerke [United German Metalworks], Kudowa-Sakisch slave labor camp in Germany. Hana worked 12 hour shifts and was issued 2 lavatory passes daily, which had to be submitted to a female guard each time she used the bathroom. Hana was from Prague which was annexed by Nazi Germany in March 1939. Hana, 20, and her then husband Rudolf Schiff were sent to Thersienstadt ghetto-labor camp in August 1942. Hana was deported to Auschwitz in October 1944, and then sent to Kudowa-Sackisch where she was freed in May 1945. Hana returned to Prague. While searching for relatives, she met Karel Bruml. They both lost most of their extended families. Hana and Charles left for the United States in 1946, where they married.

use:  approximately 1944 October-1945 May
use: Kudowa-Sackisch (Concentration camp); Kudowa Zdroj (Poland)
Identifying Artifacts
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Charles and Hana Bruml
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:20:03
This page: