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Star of David badge on floral backing printed Jude owned by a Czech Jewish survivor

Object | Accession Number: 2001.3.4

Star of David badge, printed with Jude, German for Jew, owned by Hana Bruml. It appears used and this badge may have been worn by Hana or her husband Charles, but its history is not known. Jews in Prague, which was annexed by Germany in March 1939, were required to wear Judenstern beginning in September 1941. On December 10, 1941, Karel, his parents Jindrich and Irma, siblings Anna and Otto, and Otto’s wife Irma were sent to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp. Karel worked in the technical department. On October 26, 1942, Karel’s parents and sister were selected for deportation and Karel volunteered to go with them. They were sent to Auschwitz. His family was killed, but Karel was sent to Auschwitz III - Monowitz (Buna). In early 1945, he was sent to Gleiwitz, Nordhausen, and Bergen-Belsen, where he was liberated on April 15. Hana and her then husband Rudolf Schiff were sent to Theresienstadt in August 1942. Rudolf, his parents, and brother were deported to Auschwitz in December 1943 and killed. Hana was deported to Auschwitz in October 1944, and then sent to Kudowa-Sackisch slave labor camp where she was freed in May 1945. Hana and Karel returned to Prague where they met while searching for relatives. They found few survivors. They both left for the United States in 1946, where they married.

Date
after 1941 September  (use)
Language
German
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Badges
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Estate of Hana Bruml
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Record last modified: 2018-01-16 10:16:30
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn531145