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Patch with the Bohemian lion made by a Jewish Czech concentration camp inmate

Object | Accession Number: 1989.303.26

Cloth shield with the Bohemian lion with the Czech escutcheon on a red field made by Karel Bruml to identify himself as Czech. Karel made it while imprisoned in Nordhausen concentration camp, part of the Dora-Mittelbau complex, from February-March 1945, after a capo recognized him and had him make artwork work with a group of other artist-prisoners. Karel, 20, was from Prague in the Province of Bohemia which was annexed by Germany in March 1939. On December 10, 1941, Karel, his parents, Jindrich and Irma, his siblings, Anna and Otto, and Otto’s wife Irma were transported to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp. Karel was assigned to work in the technical department. On October 26, 1942, Karel’s parents and sister were selected for deportation and Karel volunteered to go with them. They were sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau. Karel's parents and sister were murdered in the gas chambers upon arrival. Karel was then force marched to Auschwitz III-Monowitz (Buna) where he moved building materials until reassigned to paint prisoner numbers. In early 1945, Karel was transferred to Gleiwitz, then Nordhausen, and finally Bergen-Belsen concentration camps where he was liberated on April 15 by British soldiers. Karel returned to Prague after the war ended in early May. He learned that most of his family had perished. He met Hana Schiff Suk, who had survived Theresienstadt, Auschwitz, and Kudowa-Sackisch. They left for the United States in 1946, where they married.

creation:  approximately 1945 February-1945 March
creation: Nordhausen (Concentration camp); Nordhausen (Thuringia, Germany)
Identifying Artifacts
Object Type
Badges (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Charles and Hana Bruml
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:21:10
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