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Oral history interview with Yahad-In Unum interviewee 762U

Oral History | Accession Number: 2009.24.212 | RG Number: RG-50.589.0212

The interviewee, a Ukrainian man born in 1929, discusses events in Rudki (Rudky) and neighboring Podgaychiki (Pidhaĭchyky), both in L'vivs'ka oblast', Ukraine; the brief occupation by German forces in 1939, during which they "mocked" four Jewish families living in Podgaychiki (Pidhaichyky) but did not harm them; the return of German forces in June 1941, and the confinement in autumn 1941 of some 3,000 Jews of Podgaychiki, Rudki, and Komarno in the Rudki ghetto; the shooting of two teenage girls and two younger boys by German soldiers in the Jewish cemetery, which the witness observed; in the spring of 1942, the gathering of Jews in the Rudki square and the collecting of their valuables; how Jews were transported to the shooting site at the Jewish cemetery in trucks guarded by Russian-speaking personnel; witnessing with other boys from a 50-meter distance, the mass shooting of Jews at an L-shaped ditch; details on the ditch and the shooting process, which involved Jews standing on a plank laid across the top of the ditch; the burning of the Jews' clothing; details on the filling in of the ditch by requisitioned local citizens; the Jewish police who gave orders at the shooting site and who stood guard at the ghetto entrance; and how the Germans used Jewish gravestones to pave the courtyard of the Gestapo headquarters, which were left in place by the post-war KGB occupants of the building.
The recording also includes a filmed visit to the shooting site by the witness and interviewers, during which he points out the location of the ditch and gives further details on its size and configuration. He also discusses a memorial with a Hebrew inscription, which he saw at the site in 1946, but which was later removed by the Soviets, and he references the memorial erected by the post-Soviet Ukrainian government.

interview:  2009 January 15
creation: Rudky (L'vivs'ka oblast', Ukraine)
1 compact disc.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Yahad-in Unum
Record last modified: 2022-06-24 20:27:48
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