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Oral history interview with Anita Graber

Oral History | Accession Number: 2010.82 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0568

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Anita Graber, born October 29, 1925, discusses her childhood in Berlin, Germany; how her parents were from Warsaw, Poland; her father’s profession as a fur trader; how her parents spoke Polish and Yiddish at home; traveling between Berlin and Warsaw as a child; growing up speaking German and studying English at school; the social separation of German and Polish Jews in Germany; how her mother had a nose job by a World War I surgeon; her mother’s work in her father’s fur shop; attending a German school; how her younger brother wanted to be part of the Hitler Youth so that he could feel he belonged; how her parents transferred him to a Jewish school; being expelled from a German school after Kristallnacht; identifying more as Polish than Jewish; how in 1939 the Nazis rounded up Polish citizens and Jewish males, transporting them to Polzen; how her father closed his business in 1939, but served non-Jewish customers through the back door; receiving visas in 1939; her family’s trouble getting to Paris, France; how her father slowly smuggled bags of furs into Paris; immigrating to the United States; and how her father was able to start his fur business over again in New York.

Interviewee
Anita Graber
Interviewer
Ina Navazelskis
Date
2010 March 02  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
1 digital file : WAV.
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 11:19:52
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn41518