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Oral history interview with Edith Lowy

Oral History | Accession Number: 2010.248 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0584

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Edith Lowy, born in Lazy, Czechoslovakia, discusses her childhood in Poruba, Czechoslovakia; her tight-knit family; her family’s general store; the nearby Jewish community of Orlova; her experiences as the only Jew among her friends; the 1938 arrival of Polish troops; her family’s flight to Poland where her grandfather had relatives; her time in Prokocim, Poland; the occupation of Poland by Nazi Germany and Russia; her family’s flight to the Russian front; her family’s return to Poland; experiences with antisemitism in Poland; her father and uncle’s forced labor; her experiences in hiding with her brother; her mother’s deportation; her attempt to pass as an Aryan; a priests’ offer to forge false papers; her family walking freely into their first labor camp in Prokocim, Poland, thinking it would be easier to survive there than in hiding; her work in the camp’s kitchen; witnessing deaths in the camp; the camp’s liquidation; being sent to a labor camp in Plaszow, Poland; her brother Erik’s murder; her first train transport; being sent to Skarżysko-Kamienna in Poland; the commandant of the camp, Paul Kuhnemann; details of different subcamps of Skarżysko-Kamienna; her work at the ammunition factory at Skarżysko-Kamienna; memories of her father at the camp; her aunt working as the housekeeper for Kuhnemann; being sick with typhoid; how people at Camp C of Skarżysko-Kamienna were green and yellow from working with poisonous gas; her transfer to Buchenwald with family members; her work at the ammunition factory making bombs; how the overseer at this factory acted kindly; her experiences learning poetry while working at Buchenwald; her friendship with a Belgian teen at Buchenwald; the death march from Buchenwald where she experienced pain, hunger, and exhaustion; her liberation by Russian forces; her time in Oschatz, Germany, where a German family took care of and protected her; being reunited with her father; returning to her home in Czechoslovakia; regaining ownership of her family’s general store; continuing her education; immigrating to Israel; her work in the Israeli military; and her post-war relationship with her father.

Interviewee
Mrs. Edith Lowy
Interviewer
Ina Navazelskis
Date
2010 September 12  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
2 digital files : WAV.
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 11:20:10
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn42014