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Oral history interview with Herbert Friedman

Oral History | Accession Number: 2010.364 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0595

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Herbert Friedman, born December 11, 1924 in Vienna, Austria, describes his childhood in an Orthodox Jewish family in the 20th District of Vienna; his memories of attending temple with his father; how his parents were originally from Poland; attending public school until he was forced to transfer to a Jewish school; his Bar Mitzvah; antisemitism he experienced as a child; memories of being shown antisemitic films at public school; saving a woman’s life in the Danube River as a young boy and the community backlash that followed; his family’s struggle to leave Austria in 1938; registering with the Palestine Office to leave Austria; the situation in Austria after Germany’s annexation and the events leading up to Kristallnacht; Nazi officers arriving at his family’s home; his experiences with Nazis in Austria; how a friend of his joined the Hitler Youth; helping Jews avoid deportation; preparing to leave Austria on the Kindertransport; traveling to England on the Kindertransport; his feelings about leaving his family behind in Austria; how the rest of his family eventually left Austria; the many places he lived in England; experiencing air raids; his emotions and experiences while supporting himself in England; volunteering as an air raid warden in England; immigrating to the United States with his parents; his disappointment upon moving to the United States; joining the US Army; receiving a scholarship from Loyola College; being sent to the Pacific Theater as part of a medical unit; his experiences as a medic in the infantry; being stationed in Hawaii; attending the University of Hawaii; attending pharmacy school; fighting in the Korean War as a commissioned officer; his feelings of guilt concerning relatives who were murdered in Europe; participating in the documentary “Into the Arms of Strangers;” and his work as a pharmacist in Baltimore, MD.

Interviewee
Herbert Friedman
Interviewer
Noemi J. Szekely-Popescu
Date
2010 October 17  (interview)
Language
English
Extent
4 digital files : WAV.
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 11:20:23
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn42208