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Oral history interview with Dmitriy Garmash

Oral History | Accession Number: 2005.595.44 | RG Number: RG-50.575.0044

Dmitriy Garmash, born in 1923 in Ukraine, describes the German occupation of Feodocia; hangings committed by the SS and their collaborators, including Tatars, Russians, and Ukrainians who were dissatisfied with Soviet power; the confiscation of weapons by Germans and local police; the mandatory registration of Jews in 1941; the order for Jews to report for relocation to a ghetto; warning his Jewish neighbors and assisting with their escape; seeing people taken away on carts; the mass shooting of Jews by a tank ditch; German soldiers searching for Jews who did not register; lying to a policeman about the identity of a Jewish friend who was staying with him, then helping him escape the town; Germans and Soviets battling over Feodocia; Soviets forces hunting those who collaborated with the Germans after they gained control of Feodocia; the shooting of civilians after the Germans regained control of Feodocia; the hanging of civilians for hiding Jews and committing other illegal actions; forced civilian labor on the construction of trenches; his arrest by German authorities in 1943 and their attempts to force him to confess to hiding Jews; his transfer to a jail in Kyrovska, where the Kubanian guards treated prisoners harshly; an attempt by a guard to shoot him after an attempted escape; his transfer to Simferopol jail; receiving an offer to join the Russian Liberation Army to which he refused; his transfer to an internment camp; and liberation by the Soviet Army.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Dmitriy Garmash
interview:  2006 April 23
2 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-05-04 15:47:19
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