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Oral history interview with Viktor Matveyev

Oral History | Accession Number: 2005.595.98 | RG Number: RG-50.575.0098

Viktor Matveyev, born in 1931 in Ukraine, describes a time period before the German occupation when villagers from Snegirevka helped Jews escape across the river in exchange for money; a transit camp for prisoners of war in the courtyard of the church of Snegirevka; a column of prisoners of war guarded by other prisoners; a selection of Jews and communists from the ranks of prisoners of war for execution by shooting in 1941; forced labor for the remaining prisoners of war in Snegirevka; beatings administered to prisoners of war for drinking water from a well; local women throwing bread to the prisoners of war, and guards shooting those who tried to retrieve the bread; a flood in 1942 which revealed the corpses of executed prisoners; witnessing a group of local Jews being taken away to be shot; being pulled out of school in 1943 to witness the execution, committed by policemen, of a mixed marriage family in which the father was a Jewish and the mother was a non-Jewish Ukrainian or Russian; how the father of the family had to first dig their grave; and the public hanging of several people who committed an act of sabotage on the railroad.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Viktor Matveyev
interview:  2009 October 06
2 videocassettes (DVCAM) : sound, color ; 1/4 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-05-04 15:47:28
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