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Oral history interview with Samuel Gruber

Oral History | Digitized | RG Number: RG-50.030.0087

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    Oral history interview with Samuel Gruber


    Interview Summary
    Samuel Gruber, born in 1913 in Podhajce, Poland (Pidhaitsi, Ukraine), describes his family; participating in the Ha-Shomer ha-Tsa’ir and Hachshara Zionist organizations in his youth; going to Lwów, Poland to attend high school when he was 14; returning to Podhajce two years after he graduated to work as a bookkeeper for a company that manufactured farm equipment and bicycles; his draft into the Polish military when he was eighteen and serving for a year and a half in Tarnopol, Ukraine; training in Nowy Sącz, Poland two weeks before the war began in 1939; his unit’s surprise when German troops surrounded them; being shot and taken as a prisoner of war; his transport to Stalag 13 in Langwasser, Germany, where he stayed for a month; his transfer to Ludwigsburg, Germany and then to Münzinger, Germany, where he worked in the kitchen and the German offices; being moved to Gleiwitz, Poland and then to Lipowa Seven, a camp in Lublin, Poland, where he was forced to help build the Majdanek concentration camp; catching typhus but receiving a shot from a doctor that saved his life; his assignment to work in an office of a hospital that distributed uniforms, rifles, and pistols to German soldiers coming from the front; stealing weapons, which were eventually sold to partisans; escaping with 22 other people on October 28, 1942 through Lublin to the forest on the outskirts of town; leading this group through the forest and fighting Germans along the way; Russian soldiers liberating him as they crossed through Lublin in 1944; getting married in 1945 and leaving Poland in 1946; being made the head of the displaced person’s camp for children at Prien am Chiemsee, Germany in 1947; and his immigration to the United States in 1949.
    Mr. Samuel Gruber
    Mr. Sy Rotter
    interview:  1991 May 21
    creation: Washington (D.C.)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection

    Physical Details

    Oral histories.
    3 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Restrictions on use. Interview can not be used for sale in the Museum Shop.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Gruber, Samuel, 1913-

    Administrative Notes

    Sy Rotter, on behalf of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, conducted the interview with Samuel Gruber on May 21, 1991 in Washington, DC.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:00:40
    This page:

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