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Oral history interview with Samuel Gruber

Oral History | RG Number: RG-50.030.0087

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Samuel Gruber, born in 1913 in Podhajce, Poland (Pidhaitsi, Ukraine), describes his family; participating in the Ha-Shomer ha-Tsa’ir and Hachshara Zionist organizations in his youth; going to Lwów, Poland to attend high school when he was 14; returning to Podhajce two years after he graduated to work as a bookkeeper for a company that manufactured farm equipment and bicycles; his draft into the Polish military when he was eighteen and serving for a year and a half in Tarnopol, Ukraine; training in Nowy Sącz, Poland two weeks before the war began in 1939; his unit’s surprise when German troops surrounded them; being shot and taken as a prisoner of war; his transport to Stalag 13 in Langwasser, Germany, where he stayed for a month; his transfer to Ludwigsburg, Germany and then to Münzinger, Germany, where he worked in the kitchen and the German offices; being moved to Gleiwitz, Poland and then to Lipowa Seven, a camp in Lublin, Poland, where he was forced to help build the Majdanek concentration camp; catching typhus but receiving a shot from a doctor that saved his life; his assignment to work in an office of a hospital that distributed uniforms, rifles, and pistols to German soldiers coming from the front; stealing weapons, which were eventually sold to partisans; escaping with 22 other people on October 28, 1942 through Lublin to the forest on the outskirts of town; leading this group through the forest and fighting Germans along the way; Russian soldiers liberating him as they crossed through Lublin in 1944; getting married in 1945 and leaving Poland in 1946; being made the head of the displaced person’s camp for children at Prien am Chiemsee, Germany in 1947; and his immigration to the United States in 1949.

Interviewee
Mr. Samuel Gruber
Interviewer
Mr. Sy Rotter
Date
1991 May 21  (interview)
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
3 videocasettes (Betacam SP) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection
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Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:57:54
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn504582