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Oral history interview with Bella Simon Pasternak

Oral History | RG Number: RG-50.030.0176

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Bella Simon Pasternak, born in Transylvania on November 7, 1928, describes her family and childhood; being extremely successful in school and winning a scholarship that she was not able to use because Jews were forbidden from attending school after 1941; Jews being taxed more than other people once the Hungarians took over her town; being forced into a ghetto and making matzos to sell on the black market; her deportation to Auschwitz in 1944 and hearing violinists playing when she arrived; being separated from her parents at the camp and witnessing daily shootings; being transported to Stutthof labor camp and then to Goduv; her liberation on January 21, 1945 by Russian forces; returning home after liberation to see who was still alive in her family; living in fear of the Russians after the war because they would kill and rape people; escaping to the American zone of occupied Europe and entering a displaced persons camp; her memories of Auschwitz; and immigrating to the United States.

Interviewee
Mrs. Bella S. Pasternak
Interviewer
Joan Ringelheim
Date
1994 April 21  (interview)
Language
English
Genre/Form
Oral histories.
Extent
2 videocassettes (VHS) : sound, color ; 1/2 in..
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection